Many states require sex offenders to pay a one-time initial registration fee. Recidivism rates for youth sex offenders are consistently low. They keep us homeless. The serious sentences imposed on youth offenders for failure—to-register crimes appear disproportionate to the offenses, given that their youth and immaturity can make it exceptionally difficult for them to comply with registration laws.
Marc Chaffin. Child Welfare Information Gateway. Since the family members of youth sex offenders often must abide by residency restriction laws if they want to live together, the numbers of people in the US affected by these laws is significant.
After completing two years of juvenile probation and therapy, he had to register for ten years. Children and adolescents are less mature than adults and have less life experience on which to draw, and this makes understanding the court process, the charges, and the consequences of a plea more difficult.
For adults, the emotional and psychological consequences of sexual violence can be profound and enduring and include depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. And once they are living on their own, registrants face similar challenges in procuring housing.
Some jurisdictions permit youths to petition to be removed after a number of years. Juvenile Male , F. But by the mids, many state sex offender registration laws were drafted to include children adjudicated delinquent of sex offenses as well as children tried and convicted of sex offenses in adult court.
Federal law mandates that any state that does not meet the requirements of the Adam Walsh Act will receive up to a 10 percent reduction in federal grant money.