While we found that skew was no particular threat to the validity of our results when using only parametric tests, we felt the combination of parametric ANOVAs with nonparametric tests for other comparisons to be the most conservative approach to analyzing these data. Infants' visual preference for sex-congruent babies, children, toys and activities: A longitudinal study.
Freudian theoriesshe suggested, were too focused on the influence of anatomy on gender development. Thus, girls are less rigid than boys in their gender-typed beliefs, behaviors, and preferences, including toy preferences Ruble et al. Front Neuroendocrinol.
Prenatal hormones and postnatal socialization by parents as determinants of male-typical toy play in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
Social sciences Dictionaries thesauruses pictures and press releases sex-typed. Patterns of Autism. She said her boy love the pink color on his toe and she enjoys painting her nails. Bem, S. Developmental Psychology31 1 American Sociological Review,37, — Sex typing and the avoidance of cross-sex behavior.
Transvestites in the Middle Ages.
Data from a cross-sectional study of children sampled during their first year of school, and longitudinal case studies of 10 children during the transition to school, are brought to bear on these two theories.
Front Neuroendocrinol. More germane to the issues raised here is whether male and female vervets showed a preference for one toy type over the other. A similar, but opposite, difference was found for the proportion of interactions directed towards feminine toys, suggesting clear between-sex differences in preference for masculine and feminine toys similar to that seen in humans.
Because the shopping cart relates to a cross sex typed behavior definition in Lancaster human activity, the toy facilitates different activities for humans than for rhesus monkeys. Search SpringerLink Search.
Byrne, B. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Gender and Society. Because we chose toys based on object properties and not on previously established sex-typed categorizations, our wheeled and plush toys are not entirely analogous to the more stereotypical categories used in the human studies or to toys typically marketed as for boys and girls.
Play-mothering: the relations between juvenile females and young infants among free-ranging vervet monkeys Cercopithecus aethiops Folia Primatologica. A schematic processing model of sex typing and stereotyping in children.