Soc Sci Med 50 : Kamas and Preston [ 12 ] recently examined the BSRI with college students determining that the scale remains valid. It would appear that the gender role differentiation power of BSRI was not as strong statistically in our research as in a number of earlier studies.
Specifically, American psychologist Janet Spence argued that the terms masculinity and femininity are inappropriate for labeling the scales, as they assess only instrumentality and expressiveness. Asking about, and including measures of gender roles among an older, non-English speaking population is surprisingly rare in health outcomes research.
Personality embraces moods, attitudes, and opinions and is most clearly expressed in interactions with other people. Streiner DL Starting at the beginning: An introduction to coefficient alpha and internal consistency. Support Center Support Center.
Published online Oct 2. The bem sex role inventory short version of the three in Saguenay of differentiation according to physiological sex between gender roles may have been due to the translation of the instrument, classification method or the low education and socioeconomic status of our participants.
Our primary objective was to determine whether the BSRI can be used to explore gender in an older Brazilian population. Cross Cult Res 47 : 51—
Spence JT, Helmreich R, Stapp J Ratings of self and peers on sex role attributes and their relation to self-esteem and conceptions of masculinity and femininity. It has been theorized that perhaps tendencies to rate oneself extremely low and extremely high on traits can affect a subjects' resulting gender placement.
If people score above median on both scales, they are considered to be "androgynous". Among a relatively socioeconomically deprived population of Brazilian seniors the BSRI may have measured aspects of gender not encompassed by the construct of sex. Bem SL The measurement of psychological androgyny.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Discussion There is growing evidence that gender roles have an effect on health that is independent of biological sex itself, with masculinity likely conferring greater risks of illness for both men and women [ 40 — 44 ].
Am J Commun Psychol 49 : — Cross Cult Res 47 : 51— London: Solid Action on Globalization and Environment. Previously, an androgynous score was thought to be the result of equal masculine and feminine traits, while a sex-typed masculine or feminine score is the result of more traits belonging in one or the other category.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited.